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Amphetamines

Amphetamine Pipe

Amphetamines, also known as speed or uppers, are a group of drugs that stimulate the central nervous system. While they can have therapeutic uses, they are also commonly abused and can lead to addiction. In this article, we will discuss the symptoms, effects, withdrawals, and treatment options for amphetamine addiction.

Stats: The number of California treatment admissions related to amphetamines as the primary substance of abuse increased from 23,331 in 2016 to 31,670 in 2020 according to the Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS). (Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2021). Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS): 2010-2020.)

Symptoms of Amphetamine addiction:

  • Increasing tolerance to the drug

  • Continued use despite negative consequences

  • Difficulty controlling use

  • Withdrawal symptoms when not using

  • Cravings for amphetamines

  • Spending a lot of time using or recovering from use

Effects of Amphetamine addiction:

  • Physical effects such as increased heart rate, elevated blood pressure, and weight loss

  • Mental health effects such as anxiety, depression, and paranoia

  • Cognitive effects such as impaired memory and judgment

  • Social and financial consequences such as job loss, legal issues, and relationship problems

Withdrawal symptoms of Amphetamine addiction:

  • Fatigue and lethargy

  • Depression and irritability

  • Cravings for amphetamines

  • Insomnia and nightmares

  • Increased appetite and weight gain

Treatment for Amphetamine addiction

  • Behavioral therapies such as cognitive-behavioral therapy and contingency management to help individuals change their behavior and thought patterns related to amphetamine use

  • Support groups such as Narcotics Anonymous to provide social support and accountability

  • Medications such as antidepressants and antipsychotics to manage withdrawal symptoms and co-occurring mental health conditions

  • Inpatient or outpatient rehab programs to provide a structured environment for recovery

Amphetamine addiction is a serious condition that can cause significant physical, mental, and social harm. It is important to seek help from a qualified healthcare professional if you or someone you know is struggling with amphetamine addiction. With proper treatment and support, recovery is possible, and individuals can achieve a healthier and happier life.

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